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Social Benefits and Rights for Beneficiaries of International Protection: EMN Inform

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This EMN Inform presents an overview of five social benefits and arrangements for rights granted by Member States and Norway to beneficiaries of international protection:

  1. Education
  2. Healthcare,
  3. Financial allowances
  4. Housing and
  5. Family reunification

It describes the social benefits standards and arrangements for rights in Member States and Norway and whether or not these countries differentiate between beneficiaries of international protection who are recognised as refugees and those who are granted subsidiary protection status. Additionally, in regards to several social benefits and rights, differences between beneficiaries of international protection and nationals are explained.

Key points to note:

  • Differences remain across the Member States with respect to the levels of social benefits andrights granted to beneficiaries of international protection; however, it is clear that Member States uphold certain minimum levels of the respective social benefits and rights, with minor exceptions.
  • All Member States treat access to education and access to healthcare as a fundamental right.
  • Arrangements for granting respective social benefits and rights vary among Member States, across all five social benefit categories (education, health care, housing, family reunification and financial allowances).
  • Most Member States appear to provide the same access to and/or conditions for education, healthcare, financial allowances housing, family reunification for refugees and for those who are grantedsubsidiary protection. However, this is not always the same for nationals of the host Member State.
  • In the majority of Member States, governmental authorities and NGOs cooperate in providing different social benefits for beneficiaries of international protection.
Author: European Migration Network
Publisher: Directorate General Migration and Home Affairs, European Commission
Date of Publication: 30 October 2018
Geographical focus: Europe

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