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Immigration Act 1999

In the case of Laurentiu v Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform [2000] the Aliens Act 1935 was found to be unconstitutional in the manner in which it gave the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform the power to deport. In effect the Minister was found to be without statutory powers in relation to deportation of non-Irish nationals from the State. The Immigration Act 1999 was designed to remedy this gap. The Act sets out the principles, procedures and criteria which govern the detention and removal of non-Irish nationals from the State, and makes provision for the issuing of deportation and exclusion orders. The Act allows the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform to require any non-Irish national to leave the State and remain thereafter out of the State.

The Act also lays out the matters to which the Minister is required to have regard in determining whether to make a deportation order. These matters are (a) the person’s age, (b) duration of residence in the State, (c) family and domestic circumstances, (d) the nature of their connection with the State, (e) their employment record, (f) their employment prospects, (g) their character and conduct, (h) humanitarian considerations, (i) any representations made, (j) the common good, and (k) considerations of national security and public policy. The Act gives the Minister power to amend or revoke a deportation order, and provides for the arrest and detention (for a period or period not exceeding eight weeks in aggregate) of a person against whom a deportation order is in force. This Act also amended the Refugee Act 1996 substantially, inter alia, establishing the Refugee Appeals Tribunal in place of the Appeals Authority.

Date: 07 July 1999
Legislation Type:Act (IE)
References: Aliens Act 1935; Refugee Act 1996; Immigration Act 1999
Geographical Focus:Ireland
In Force:Yes
Opt In:Not applicable
Categories:Deportation, Detention, Refugee
Keywords:Deportation Order; Detention; Immigrant; Removal; Repatriation; Return; Returnee; Deportation; Return (Forced); Arrest

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Key legislation

Irish Nationality and Citizenship Acts 1956-2004

citizenship - naturalisation


Immigration Act 2004

immigration - entry into Ireland (legal and illegal) - visa - residence - detention - carrier liability

Immigration Act 2003

immigration - carrier liability - border controls - deportation - detention

Immigration Act 1999

immigration - deportation - detention - exclusion


Refugee Act 1996

refugee status - non-refoulement - asylum - family reunification - Dublin Convention


Employment Permits Act 2006

employment permits - employment of legally resident third country national - labour migration

Employment Permits Act 2003

free movement - EU citizens - EU accession 2004 - labour migration - employment permits


European Convention on Human Rights Act 2003

human rights - freedom of movement (right to) - non-refoulement - explusion

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