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European Commission Annual Report on Immigration and Asylum 2013

Date Published: 22-05-2014

The European Commission has published the 5th Annual Report on Immigration and Asylum (2013).

The Annual Report on Immigration and Asylum and accompanying Commission Staff Working Document [1] highlight developments at both EU and national levels. 

Key findings:

  • According to Eurostat data, at the beginning of 2013, 20.4 million (4% of the EU population) third-country nationals resided in the EU
  • First residence permits issued to third-country nationals in the EU, amounted to almost 2.1 million in 2012 [2]:
    • 32% were given for family reasons
    • 23% for remunerated activities
    • 22% for study, and
    • 23% for other reasons (including international protection).
  • The countries whose nationals were given the highest number of first permits are:
    • United States of America (200,000 representing 9.5% from the EU total)
    • Ukraine (163,000 or approx 7.5% from EU total)
    • China and (161,000 or approx 7.5% from EU total), and
    • India (157,000 or approx 7.5% from EU total).
  • During 2013, there were 434,160 asylum applicants, an increase of almost 30% from 2012 (336,015 asylum applicants [3]).
  • The largest group of applicants came from:
    • Syria (50,470 or 12% of all applicants)
    • Russian Federation (41,270 or 10%), and
    • Afghanistan (26,290 or 6%).
  • Germany, France, Sweden, the United Kingdom and Italy registered nearly 70% of all applicants:
    • Germany (126,705 or 29% of the total)
    • France (64,760 or 14%)
    • Sweden (54,270 or 12%)
    • United Kingdom (29,875 or 6%), and
    • Italy (27,930 or 6%).
  • 12,425 unaccompanied minors applied for international protection. The largest group of applicants came from:
    • Afghanistan (3,310)
    • Somalia (1,580)
    • Syria (1,010), and
    • Eritrea (715).
  • 317,840 persons were refused entry [4]  to the EU and approximately 166,470 non-EU citizens were returned [5] to third countries.

For further information:

See Annual Report on Immigration and Asylum  and accompanying European Commission Staff Working Document.


[1] Contributions provided by the National Contact Points of the European Migration Network (EMN NCPs)

[2] Eurostat data for 2012. 2013 data will become available in July 2013.
[3] Excludes Croatia
[4] Eurostat; 2013 data not available for EL
[5] Eurostat; 2013 data not available for EL

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