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European Commission proposal to reform the Common European Asylum System (CEAS)

Date Published: 11-04-2016

European Commission adopted a Communication launching the process for a reform of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS).

Options for reform cover five priority areas:

  • Establishing a fair and sustainable system for determining the allocation of asylum applicants among Member States: potential amendment to the Dublin Regulation[1].
  • Achieving greater harmonisation of asylum procedures and standards across the EU and reducing pull factors to particular Member States: a new Regulation to replace the Asylum Procedures Directive[2]; a new Regulation to replace the Qualification Directive[3] and modifications of the Reception Conditions Directive[4] could be considered.
  • Preventing secondary movements within the EU: measures to discourage and sanction irregular secondary movements.
  • A new mandate for the EU’s asylum agency: potential amendment to the European Asylum Support Office’s mandate to include operating the distribution mechanism under a reformed Dublin System could be proposed.
  • Reinforcing the Eurodac system[5]: adapt the Eurodac system and consider expanding its purpose.

The Commission also proposes measures to ensure legal migration routes to Europe and integration policies:-

  • A structured resettlement system.
  • A reform of the EU Blue Card Directive[6].
  • Measures to attract and support innovative entrepreneurs.
  • A REFIT evaluation of the existing legal migration rules.
  • Pursuing close cooperation with third countries, under the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM).

The Commission will also develop an EU Action Plan on Integration.

For further information:

 

[1] Ireland participates in the Dublin Regulation (343/2003) and the Recast Dublin Regulation (604/2013).

[2] Ireland participates in the original Asylum Procedures Directive (2005/85/EC) but choose to not participate in the Recast Asylum Procedures Directive (2013/32/EU).

[3] Ireland participates in the original Qualification Directive (2004/83/EC) but choose to not participate in the Recast Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU).

[4] Ireland did not participate in the original Reception Conditions Directive (2003/9/EC), Ireland also choose to not participate in the Recast Reception Conditions Directive (2013/33/EU).

[5] Ireland participates in the Eurodac Regulation (2275/2000) and Recast Eurodac Regulation (603/2013).

[6] Ireland does not participate in the Blue Card Directive (2009/50/EC).

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