Employment statistics

Employment Permits issued and renewed in Ireland 2009 - 2019

SourceDepartment of Business, Enterprise and Innovation


Employment and Unemployment of Irish and Non-Irish Nationals

        Persons aged 15+ classified by nationality group and economic status Quarter 4, 2018 and Quarter 4, 2017 ('000s)              

Nationality In employment Unemployed Not in labour force Total
Q4 2018

Irish nationals

1,906.3 102.8 1,329.8 3,338.9

Non-Irish nationals

of which: - EU15 excl Ireland
                 - EU15 - EU28
                 - Other

375.0

119.8
163.8
91.5

26.0

5.4
10.4
10.2

1373.3

51.1
42.9
43.3

538.3

176.3
217.0
145.0
Total persons 

2,281.3 128.8 1,467.0 3,877.2
Q4 2017

Irish nationals

1,884.7 115.3 1,303.8 3,303.8

Non-Irish nationals

of which: - EU15 excl Ireland
                 - EU15 - EU28
                 - Other

346.0

107.5
159.9
78.6

28.7

9.3
12.4
7.0

139.6

54.0
40.2
45.4

514.4

170.7
212.6
131.1
Total persons 

2,230.8 144.0 1,448.0 3,818.2
Year on year changes 
Irish nationals
21.5
-12.5
26.0
35.1
Non-Irish nationals

29.0 -2.7 -2.4 23.9
Total persons 

50.5 -15.2 23.6 59.0

Source: Central Statistics Office, Labour Force Survey: Quarter 4 2018

Notes: Persons whose nationality was not stated are included with Irish nationals. Data may be subject to future revision.

The category EU15 excluding Ireland consists of Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Denmark, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Finland, Sweden and the UK.

The category EU15 - EU28 consists of the states that joined the EU on 1 May 2004: the Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Slovenia and Slovakia; the states that joined the EU on 1 January 2007:Romania and Bulgaria; and Croatia, which jointed the EU on 1 July 2013.

A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period.

ILO Labour Force Classification: The primary classification used for the LFS results is the International Labour Office (ILO) labour force classification. Labour Force Survey data on this basis have been published since 1988. The ILO classification distinguishes the following main subgroups of the population aged 15 or over:

  • In Employment: Persons who worked in the week before the survey for one hour or more for payment or profit, including work on the family farm or business and all persons who had a job but were not at work because of illness, holidays etc. in the week.
  • Unemployed: Persons who, in the week before the survey, were without work and available for work within the next two weeks, and had taken specific steps, in the preceding four weeks, to find work. It should be noted that as per Eurostat’s operational implementation, the upper age limit for classifying a person as unemployed is 74 years.
  • Inactive Population (not in labour force): All other persons. The labour force comprises persons employed plus unemployed.