The way that Member States apply tools such as labour market tests, shortage lists and quotas is highly specific to their Member State and reflects national priorities and practices. The extent to which these are effective in meeting labour market demand through migration, and the lessons to be learned and shared, would contribute to better understanding of the potential of such tools across a wide range of occupational sectors.
This EMN Inform provides information on the regulatory frameworks used at the national level to manage the migration of third-country nationals to the EU. It is based on information collected[i] from 21 Member States[ii] plus Norway and draws additionally on relevant reports and studies developed by the EMN.
[i] Ad-Hoc Query No 2013.507 plus additional contributions from Austria, Czech Republic and Hungary.
[ii] Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic ,Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany,, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Slovak Republic, Sweden, United Kingdom plus Norway.