The study primarily covers third-country nationals who enter and reside in an EU Member State for the purpose of seasonal work within the framework of the Seasonal Workers Directive. In a few instances, also those who may be considered seasonal workers but who are not covered by the Directive are considered. As the Directive is not applicable in Ireland and the United Kingdom, relevant national measures are reported in this study.
This study reflects the most recent situation and developments in terms of legislation and policy in Member States, largely focussing on 2019. Developments over the past five years are also considered if relevant. As regards statistics, the period 2016-2019 is covered. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the seasonal workers sector at national level up to June 2020 is also briefly explored.