This Synthesis Report presents the main findings of the EMN Study on Attracting and retaining international students in the European Union (EU).
The study aimed to explore the national policies and practices in Member States to attract and retain third-country national students. It examined the incentives in place at national level to encourage international students to study in EU Member States and to stay on in the Member State following graduation. It further explored the admission conditions in place in the Member States and the extent to which those conditions facilitated the attraction and retention of international students.
In light of the recent transposition of the Students and Researchers Directive, the Study also aimed to capture the way in which Member States transposed the relevant provisions of this Directive, with regard to international students. Furthermore, the study collected information to provide a brief overview of the bilateral and multilateral cooperation agreements with third countries covering international students. Finally, it aimed to illustrate common challenges and good practices developed by Member States with regard to the attraction and retention of international students.
This Synthesis Report was prepared on the basis of National Contributions from 25 EMN NCPs according to a Common Template developed by the EMN and followed by EMN NCPs to ensure, to the extent possible, comparability.
- Attracting and retaining international higher education students: Ireland
- Attracting and Retaining International Students in the EU: EMN InformAttracting and Retaining International Students in the EU: EMN Inform
- How do EU Member States Attract and Retain International Students? EMN Flash #7
 Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, UK