Illegal employment of third-country nationals in the European Union: EMN Inform

Download File


This Inform presents a brief overview of the EMN Synthesis Report on Illegal employment of third-country nationals in the European Union.

Key points to note:

  • Illegal employment of third-country nationals (TCNs) is a source of concern in the EU for economic, migration-related and social and fundamental rights reasons.
  • Due to its covert nature, illegal employment is a ‘hidden’ phenomenon linked to the ‘grey’ or informal economy of the Member States.
  • In 2014-2016 the highest number of cases of identified irregularly staying and illegally employed TCNs, in Member States were recorded in France followed by the Netherlands and Belgium. The lowest number of cases were recorded in Latvia and Bulgaria.
  • Agriculture, construction, manufacturing, hospitality and food services are the sectors in which the illegal employment of TCNs is most prevalent.
  • Fighting illegal employment is a policy objective and priority for the EU as a whole and in the Member States participating in this study.
  • At Member State level, the majority of Member States have recently adopted or are in the process of implementing new measures.

See also:

Author(s):European Migration Network
Publisher:Directorate General Migration and Home Affairs, European Commission
Publication Date:23 Aug 2017
Geographic Focus:Europe
Go Back