This EMN Inform identifies the actors involved in funding, implementing and receiving assistance. It draws an overview of the different forms of incentives to return and of reintegration assistance provided across Europe. It finally assesses the impact of these programmes on the overall development of the EU Return Policy and highlights the challenges for the coming years.
It is based on the review of 96 programmes implemented by 27 Member States to support return and reintegration, which can be sub-divided into:
- 48 Assisted Voluntary Return (AVR) programmes;
- 7 programmes which target (only) migrants placed in administrative detention in view of their return;
- 41 reintegration programmes to specific third-countries or ad hoc programmes for targeted categories of third-country nationals (TCN).