This Synthesis Report presents the main findings of the EMN Study on Migratory Pathways for Start-ups and Innovative Entrepreneurs in the European Union (EU). The study is timely, given the recent proliferation of admission schemes (including visas and/or residence permits) for innovative entrepreneurs and start-up founders in many EU Member States.
The study explores in a comparative perspective the national and legal policy frameworks for the admission of start-ups and innovative entrepreneurs from third countries. Recognising that special admission schemes are only one means of attracting start-ups, the study explores a wider variety of policy measures and factors affecting the attraction of start-up founders and entrepreneurial individuals from non-EU countries.
This Synthesis Report was prepared on the basis of national contributions from 25 EMN NCPs (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Estonia, Finland, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden and UK)