Afghanistan and Pakistan are amongst the top 5 countries of origin of third-country nationals (TCNs) subject to a return decision.
In 2013, around 14,700 Afghans and 26,000 Pakistan nationals were issued with a return decision, representing respectively 3.7% and 5.8% of the total number of migrants ordered to leave the EU territory.
Key points to note:
- In 2013, 3,500 Afghan and 12,400 Pakistan nationals were effectively returned to a third-country. As a result, the proportion of the number of returns effected as compared to the number of return decisions issued in 2013 is 21% for Afghan and 48% for Pakistan nationals while overall this is 42% for all nationalities.
- Many factors influence return figures, including the influence/effect of programmes encouraging voluntary return and facilitating reintegration.
- A majority of Member States support the return of Afghan and Pakistan nationals under their general Assisted Voluntary Return (AVR) programs. Only a few Member States have developed tailored reintegration programmes to Afghanistan and Pakistan.
- The provision of information about AVR works well; TCNs are well informed about the possibilities of AVR to Afghanistan/Pakistan. However, the decision to return to these countries is dependent on other (broader) factors, e.g. economic and security situation in the third country.
- The monitoring of return to Afghanistan and Pakistan is often a challenge and more efforts could be undertaken to analyse the data collected and provide the most appropriate assistance.
- The number of EU Member States’ joint reintegration projects to Afghanistan and Pakistan is increasing. Such projects should improve both the cost-efficiency and the quality of the reintegration support provided to migrants.
 With Albania (20,410), Morocco (29,155) and Algeria (17,550) also amongst the top 5.