Irregularly staying migrants are more likely to face material deprivation, instability and are more vulnerable to exploitation and crime than legal residents (FRA, 2011). Ultimately, they may face deportation to their country of origin. The fear of detection and deportation can lead to underutilisation of public services (Vintila and Lafleur, 2020).
The recent introduction of the Regularisation of Long-Term Undocumented Migrants Scheme is a major policy development that should improve the situation of many people living in Ireland. However, it is likely that irregular migration will persist, and related policy challenges will remain.
This report provides an overview of the situation of irregularly staying migrants in Ireland, including access to public services, and to outline major public debates and policy measures introduced to address related issues.
The report is part of research for an EU-wide study conducted by the European Migration Network (EMN), which is funded in Ireland by the European Union and the Department of Justice.