This Inform presents an overview of the EMN Study on The effectiveness of return in EU Member States.
Key points to note:
- National debates increasingly focus on return, which is widely considered as a priority across Member States.
- National practices implementing the EU framework – or equivalent standards – vary between Member States, as a result of different administrative practices, different interpretations of rules, as well as EU case law.
- Challenges attached to the effectiveness of return relate primarily to the risk that a third-country national absconds.
- The involvement of civil society players, NGOs and international organisations in the handling of return cases and in detention centres helps fostering trust with third-country nationals and providing them with adequate, tailored support.
- Some Member States invest in the management of their detention facilities and training of staff, adopting a multidisciplinary approach to accommodate the needs of the detainee (in particular when s/he has special needs) and facilitate the return process.