This study aims to explore the national practices of detection, identification and protection of third-country national victims of trafficking in human beings. It is based on national contributions from 27 European Migration Network (EMN) National Contact Points (EMN NCPs) and covers the years 2015 to 2021.
The study has five sections:
- Overview of the EU legal and policy context, the national context in relation to the latest available data, trends, patterns and trafficking purposes, as well as the state of play of national debates and media coverage of the topic.
- National policy and legislative developments and measures to detect and identify presumed victims of trafficking in human beings, including information on competent authorities, existing referral mechanisms, challenges and good practices.
- National policy and legislative developments and measures to protect (presumed) third-country national
victims of trafficking in human beings, including the legal framework for granting the reflection period, residence permits and the provision of appropriate information and assistance, as well as challenges and good practices.
- Cooperation mechanisms in the area of trafficking in human beings with other EU Member States, EU agencies (European Asylum Support Office (EASO), now the European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA), Europol,
European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) and European Union Agency for Criminal Justice
(Eurojust), international organisations and third countries of origin and transit.
- Challenges and good practices identified in respect of the impact of COVID-19.