The European Commission has published the 5th Annual Report on Immigration and Asylum (2013).
- According to Eurostat data, at the beginning of 2013, 20.4 million (4% of the EU population) third-country nationals resided in the EU.
- First residence permits issued to third-country nationals in the EU, amounted to almost 2.1 million in 2012 :
- 32% were given for family reasons
- 23% for remunerated activities
- 22% for study, and
- 23% for other reasons (including international protection).
- The countries whose nationals were given the highest number of first permits are:
- United States of America (200,000 representing 9.5% from the EU total)
- Ukraine (163,000 or approx 7.5% from EU total)
- China and (161,000 or approx 7.5% from EU total), and
- India (157,000 or approx 7.5% from EU total).
- During 2013, there were 434,160 asylum applicants, an increase of almost 30% from 2012 (336,015 asylum applicants ).
- The largest group of applicants came from:
- Syria (50,470 or 12% of all applicants)
- Russian Federation (41,270 or 10%), and
- Afghanistan (26,290 or 6%).
- Germany, France, Sweden, the United Kingdom and Italy registered nearly 70% of all applicants:
- Germany (126,705 or 29% of the total)
- France (64,760 or 14%)
- Sweden (54,270 or 12%)
- United Kingdom (29,875 or 6%), and
- Italy (27,930 or 6%).
- 12,425 unaccompanied minors applied for international protection. The largest group of applicants came from:
- Afghanistan (3,310)
- Somalia (1,580)
- Syria (1,010), and
- Eritrea (715).
- 317,840 persons were refused entry  to the EU and approximately 166,470 non-EU citizens were returned  to third countries.
For further information:
See Annual Report on Immigration and Asylum and accompanying European Commission Staff Working Document.
 Contributions provided by the National Contact Points of the European Migration Network (EMN NCPs)