Comparative overview of national protection statuses in the EU and Norway


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This European Migration Network (EMN) study provides an overview of those statuses granted in the Member States and Norway that address a protection need not covered by the international protection status as set out in the Qualification Directive (2011/95/EU) and Temporary Protection Directive (2001/55/EC).

It includes a synthesis overview of national statuses granted on particular protection grounds, their related procedures, key rights and content of protection. The predecessor 2010 EMN study ‘The Different National Practices Concerning Granting of Non-EU Harmonised Protection Statuses’ already provided a useful and comprehensive overview of practices in 23 Member States but is now out of date.

The present study aims to update the 2010 EMN study and, where relevant, highlight statuses that have emerged since 2010 and identify those that no longer exist. The study also compares national protection statuses and their content with the standards set at EU level. It considers the commonalities and differences between the procedures and content of protection of national statuses with the minimum standards established at EU level for EU-harmonised statuses. Thus, categories of national statuses are compared for the extent to which their content of protection offers the same, lower or higher protection than the EU protection statuses.

This Synthesis Report was prepared on the basis of national contributions from 25 EMN NCPs (AT, BE, BG, CY, CZ, EE, EL, ES, FI, FR, HR, HU, IE, IT, LT, LU, LV, MT, NL, PL, PT, SE, SK, UK and NO) collected via a Common Template developed by the IE NCP and EMN NCPs.

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Author(s):European Migration Network
Publisher:Directorate General for Migration and Home Affairs, European Commission
Publication Date:27 May 2020
Geographic Focus:Europe
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