Shortages of workers with relevant qualifications have become a major challenge affecting European competitiveness. In the context of rapid technological change, Europe’s declining population and ageing workforce mean that labour shortages are expected to increase in the future.
The aim of the study is to analyse how Member States employ labour migration to address the identified labour shortages. The study provides an overview of the instruments in place in Member States to determine labour shortages, to quantify the needs for labour migration and to assess the impact of labour migration on national labour markets. To this end, it includes the full spectrum of skills.
The Synthesis Report was prepared on the basis of National Contributions from 25 EMN NCPs (Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom) according to a Common Template developed by the EMN and followed by EMN NCPs to ensure, to the extent possible, comparability.