Migration covers a wide range of important challenges as high unemployment in major receiving countries of the EU15, the concern with regard to social and cultural integration of migrants and the reduced social cohesion of receiving countries due to the lack of civic and political participation even of second and third generation migrants. However, migration may open up important opportunities, as to reduce the predicted long‐term gap in labor supply in Europe due to demographic ageing and to contribute positively to an improved financial sustainability of the social security systems (pensions and health care) of the receiving countries. These concerns are raised in relation to mobility inside an enlarged EU of 25 member states, but in particular in relation to migration from “third” countries outside the Union. Within this context the focus of this study is on labor market issues of migration towards the old EU15 from three regions: the NEW10, the two accession countries entering in 2007 (Romania/Bulgaria) and Turkey. The study covers in particular two questions: 1) What is the expected volume of migration into the “old” member states? 2) What is the structure of potential migrants from the NEW10, the two accession countries and from Turkey? The study is based on Eurobarometer data collected for the European Commission.
Source: Turkish Studies Volume 7, Issue 1, 2006, Special Issue: Determinants of Immigration and Integration of Turkish Immigrants in the European Union, Published online: 25 Jan 2007